American-Made by Nick Taylor
The Enduring Legacy of the WPA: When FDR Put the Nation to Work

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If you’ve traveled the nation’s highways, flown into New York’s LaGuardia Airport, strolled San Antonio’s River Walk, or seen the Pacific Ocean from the Beach Chalet in San Francisco, you have experienced some part of the legacy of the Works Progress Administration (WPA)—one of the enduring cornerstones of Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal.

When President Roosevelt took the oath of office in March 1933, he was facing a devastated nation. Four years into the Great Depression, a staggering 13 million American workers were jobless and many millions more of their family members were equally in need. Desperation ruled the land.

What people wanted were jobs, not handouts: the pride of earning a paycheck; and in 1935, after a variety of temporary relief measures, a permanent nationwide jobs program was created. This was the Works Progress Administration, and it would forever change the physical landscape and the social policies of the United States.

The WPA lasted for eight years, spent $11 billion, employed 8½ million men and women, and gave the country not only a renewed spirit but a fresh face. Under its colorful head, Harry Hopkins, the agency’s remarkable accomplishment was to combine the urgency of putting people back to work with its vision of physically rebuilding America. Its workers laid roads, erected dams, bridges, tunnels, and airports. They stocked rivers, made toys, sewed clothes, served millions of hot school lunches. When disasters struck, they were there by the thousands to rescue the stranded. And all across the country the WPA’s arts programs performed concerts, staged plays, painted murals, delighted children with circuses, created invaluable guidebooks. Even today, more than sixty years after the WPA ceased to exist, there is almost no area in America that does not bear some visible mark of its presence.

Politically controversial, the WPA was staffed by passionate believers and hated by conservatives; its critics called its projects make-work and wags said it stood for We Piddle Around. The contrary was true. We have only to look about us today to discover its lasting presence.

From the Hardcover edition.

About Nick Taylor

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NICK TAYLOR is a journalist and the critically acclaimed author of nine books. He lives in New York City.
Published February 26, 2008 by Bantam. 640 pages
Genres: History, Political & Social Sciences. Non-fiction

Unrated Critic Reviews for American-Made

Publishers Weekly

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Launched in 1935, at the bottom of the Great Depression, the Works Progress Administration (WPA) served as a linchpin of FDR’s “New Deal.” Through the WPA, Roosevelt put millions

Dec 10 2007 | Read Full Review of American-Made: The Enduring L...

USA Today

Almost forgotten by younger generations, the Works Progress Administration left a mark on the United States, physically and psychologically.

Sep 10 2014 | Read Full Review of American-Made: The Enduring L...


Taylor acknowledges that the economic engine of manufacture for World War II brought unemployment down to single digits.Taylor does not enter the debate over whether the New Deal amounted to another American revolution by intruding federal powers into political, social and personal matters.

Sep 10 2014 | Read Full Review of American-Made: The Enduring L...

San Francisco Chronicle

(A spate of investigations, and the 1939 Hatch Act restricting the political activities of government employees, suggest that there may have been fire as well as smoke.) Also, he does not venture many comparisons with other nations' simultaneous relief efforts, nor does he provide a comprehensive...

Mar 12 2008 | Read Full Review of American-Made: The Enduring L...

Bookmarks Magazine

Though the WPA continues to generate heated debate over its success 65 years after its dissolution, Taylor’s engaging and wide-ranging American-Made is a valuable record of the federal program and its place in American history.

Apr 29 2008 | Read Full Review of American-Made: The Enduring L...

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