Baroness Elsa by Irene Gammel
Gender, Dada, and Everyday Modernity--A Cultural Biography

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Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven (1874?1927) is considered by many to be the first American dadaist as well as the mother of dada. An innovator in poetic form and an early creator of junk sculpture, "the Baroness" was best known for her sexually charged, often controversial performances. Some thought her merely crazed, others thought her a genius. The editor Margaret Anderson called her "perhaps the only figure of our generation who deserves the epithet extraordinary." Yet despite her great notoriety and influence, until recently her story and work have been little known outside the circle of modernist scholars.In Baroness Elsa, Irene Gammel traces the extraordinary life and work of this daring woman, viewing her in the context of female dada and the historical battles fought by women in the early twentieth century. Striding through the streets of Berlin, Munich, New York, and Paris wearing such adornments as a tomato-soup can bra, teaspoon earrings, and black lipstick, the Baroness erased the boundaries between life and art, between the everyday and the outrageous, between the creative and the dangerous. Her art objects were precursors to dada objects of the teens and twenties, her sound and visual poetry were far more daring than those of the male modernists of her time, and her performances prefigured feminist body art and performance art by nearly half a century.


About Irene Gammel

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Irene Gammel is Professor of English at the University of Prince Edward Island.
Published August 29, 2003 by The MIT Press. 561 pages
Genres: Biographies & Memoirs, History, Humor & Entertainment, Arts & Photography, Literature & Fiction. Non-fiction

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The ongoing feminist refashioning of the dada movement's history continues with this large, detailed and well-researched book, the first biography of the Baroness Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven (1874–1927), one of dada's most daring and prescient figures.

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Project MUSE

Gammel's interpretation of the object begins with Elsa's father's comparison of prayer to night-time visits to the bathroom (in the context of the generally anticlerical spirit of Dada) and ends with the fascinating possibility that the object's urinary subtext links her to Duchamp's Fountain, an...

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