Civil War Ironclads by William H. Roberts
The U.S. Navy and Industrial Mobilization (Johns Hopkins Studies in the History of Technology)

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Civil War Ironclads supplies the first comprehensive study of one of the most ambitious programs in the history of naval shipbuilding. In constructing its new fleet of ironclads, William H. Roberts explains, the U.S. Navy faced the enormous engineering challenges of a largely experimental technology. In addition, it had to manage a ship acquisition program of unprecedented size and complexity. To meet these challenges, the Navy established a "project office" that was virtually independent of the existing administrative system. The office spearheaded efforts to broaden the naval industrial base and develop a marine fleet of ironclads by granting shipbuilding contracts to inland firms. Under the intense pressure of a wartime economy, it learned to support its high-technology vessels while incorporating the lessons of combat.

But neither the broadened industrial base nor the advanced management system survived the return of peace. Cost overruns, delays, and technical blunders discredited the embryonic project office, while capital starvation and never-ending design changes crippled or ruined almost every major builder of ironclads. When Navy contracts evaporated, so did the shipyards. Contrary to widespread belief, Roberts concludes, the ironclad program set Navy shipbuilding back a generation.


About William H. Roberts

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After retiring from the navy in 1994 as a surface warfare officer, William H. Roberts earned his Ph.D. in history at the Ohio State University in Columbus. He is the author of USS New Ironsides in the Civil War and "Now for the Contest": Coastal and Oceanic Naval Operations in the Civil War.
Published March 6, 2002 by Johns Hopkins University Press. 300 pages
Genres: History, Education & Reference, War, Science & Math, Professional & Technical, Computers & Technology. Non-fiction

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In his prior works, such as Civil War Ironclads: The U.S. Navy and Industrial Mobilization, Roberts, a retired Navy commander, explained Northern naval mobilization and the building of Union ironclads.

Jun 12 2006 | Read Full Review of Civil War Ironclads: The U.S....

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