Culture of Complaint by Robert Hughes
The Fraying of America (Oxford American Lectures)

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Synopsis

The best-selling author of The Shock of the New, The Fatal Shore, and Barcelona here delivers a withering polemic aimed at the heart of recent American politics and culture.
Culture of Complaint is a call for the re-knitting of a fragmented and over-tribalized America--a deeply passionate book, filled with barbed wit and devastating takes on public life, both left and right of center. To the right, Hughes fires broadsides at the populist demagogy of Pat Buchanan, Pat Robertson, Jesse Helms and especially Ronald Reagan ("with somnambulistic efficiency, Reagan educated America down to his level. He left his country a little stupider in 1988 than it had been in 1980, and a lot more tolerant of lies"). To the left, he skewers political correctness ("political etiquette, not politics itself"), Afrocentrism, and academic obsessions with theory ("The world changes more deeply, widely, thrillingly than at any moment since 1917, perhaps since 1848, and the American academic left keeps fretting about how phallocentricity is inscribed in Dickens' portrayal of Little Nell"). PC censoriousness and "family-values" rhetoric, he argues, are only two sides of the same character, extrusions of America's puritan heritage into the present--and, at root, signs of America's difficulty in seeing past the end of the Us-versus-Them mentality implanted by four decades of the Cold War.
In the long retreat from public responsibility beaten by America in the 80s, Hughes sees "a hollowness at the cultural core"--a nation "obsessed with therapies and filled with distrust of formal politics; skeptical of authority and prey to superstition; its language corroded by fake pity and euphemism." It resembles "late Rome...in the corruption and verbosity of its senators, in its reliance on sacred geese (those feathered ancestors of our own pollsters and spin-doctors) and in its submission to senile, deified emperors controlled by astrologers and extravagant wives."
Culture of Complaint is fired by a deep concern for the way Hughes sees his adopted country heading. But it is not a relentless diatribe. If Hughes lambastes some aspects of American politics, he applauds Vaclav Havel's vision of politics "not as the art of the useful, but politics as practical morality, as service to the truth." And if he denounces PC, he offers a brilliant and heartfelt defence of non-ideological multiculturalism as an antidote to Americans' difficulty in imagining the rest of the world--and other Americans.
Here, then, is an extraordinary cri de coeur, an outspoken call for the reconstruction of America's ideas about its recent self. It is a book that everyone interested in American culture will want to read.
 

About Robert Hughes

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About the Author: Born in Sydney, Australia, in 1938, Robert Hughes has been the art critic of Time since he moved from Europe to the United States in 1970. His books--The Shock of the New, The Fatal Shore, Nothing if Not Critical, Barcelona--have won many awards in Australia, America, and Europe, most recently (1992) the international El Brusi prize for literature and communications given by the Olimpiada Cultural in Barcelona.
 
Published April 22, 1993 by Oxford University Press. 224 pages
Genres: Political & Social Sciences, Education & Reference, Arts & Photography, Travel. Non-fiction

Unrated Critic Reviews for Culture of Complaint

Kirkus Reviews

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The problematics behind our melding of cultures, behind a moral issue such as abortion, or underlying formalism and shock-aesthetics—these Hughes avoids drilling into deeply.

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Publishers Weekly

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Euphemism, evasion and propaganda are woven into the fabric of American public discourse, declares Time art critic Hughes. In a withering, salubrious jeremiad, he lashes our ``culture of complaint'' i

Apr 19 1993 | Read Full Review of Culture of Complaint: The Fra...

Publishers Weekly

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Euphemism, evasion and propaganda are woven into the fabric of American public discourse, declares Time art critic Hughes.

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Los Angeles Times

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He is irritated, but only moderately, by the inflated attack words of politically correct extremists (\o7 racist\f7 and \o7 homophobic\f7 ) and by their shrunken defense words (\o7 underachieved\f7 for \o7 failed\f7 --and would a fat corpse be \o7 a differently sized non-living person?\f7 ).

Apr 15 1993 | Read Full Review of Culture of Complaint: The Fra...

The Spectator

but I’ll wager that there will soon be a huge clash over housing policy (which is fast becoming an extension of family policy, as prices rise and incomes stagnate, making it hard for the young and the low paid to climb the ladder), because it is mired by contradictions inspired, in part, by the l...

Jan 16 2013 | Read Full Review of Culture of Complaint: The Fra...

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