Down and Out in the New Economy by Ilana Gershon
How People Find (or Don’t Find) Work Today

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Throughout, the writing is easy to digest, but the repetition is tiring, and even at 250 pages, the book feels too long. An intermittently useful book that could have been a long-form magazine feature.
-Kirkus

Synopsis

 

Finding a job used to be simple. You’d show up at an office and ask for an application. A friend would mention a job in their department. Or you’d see an ad in a newspaper and send in your cover letter. Maybe you’d call the company a week later to check in, but the basic approach was easy. And once you got a job, you would stay—often for decades.

 

Now . . . well, it’s complicated. If you want to have a shot at a good job, you need to have a robust profile on LinkdIn. And an enticing personal brand. Or something like that—contemporary how-to books tend to offer contradictory advice. But they agree on one thing: in today’s economy, you can’t just be an employee looking to get hired—you have to market yourself as a business, one that can help another business achieve its goals.

 

That’s a radical transformation in how we think about work and employment, says Ilana Gershon. And with Down and Out in the New Economy, she digs deep into that change and what it means, not just for job seekers, but for businesses and our very culture. In telling her story, Gershon covers all parts of the employment spectrum: she interviews hiring managers about how they assess candidates; attends personal branding seminars; talks with managers at companies around the United States to suss out regional differences—like how Silicon Valley firms look askance at the lengthier employment tenures of applicants from the Midwest. And she finds that not everything has changed: though the technological trappings may be glitzier, in a lot of cases, who you know remains more important than what you know.

 

Throughout, Gershon keeps her eye on bigger questions, interested not in what lessons job-seekers can take—though there are plenty of those here—but on what it means to consider yourself a business. What does that blurring of personal and vocational lives do to our sense of our selves, the economy, our communities? Though it’s often dressed up in the language of liberation, is this approach actually disempowering workers at the expense of corporations?

 

Rich in the voices of people deeply involved with all parts of the employment process, Down and Out in the New Economy offers a snapshot of the quest for work today—and a pointed analysis of its larger meaning.

 

 
 

About Ilana Gershon

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Ilana Gershon is Associate Professor of Anthropology at Indiana University. She is the author of The Breakup 2.0: Disconnecting over New Media and No Family Is an Island: Cultural Expertise among Samoans in Diaspora and editor of A World of Work: Imagined Manuals for Real Jobs, all from Cornell.Jean Lave is Professor of Education and Geography at the University of California, Berkeley. She is the author of Cognition in Practice, coauthor of Understanding Practice and Situated Learning, and coeditor of History in Person.
 
Published April 12, 2017 by University of Chicago Press. 304 pages
Genres: Business & Economics, History, Political & Social Sciences, Computers & Technology, Education & Reference, Science & Math. Non-fiction
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Critic reviews for Down and Out in the New Economy
All: 2 | Positive: 0 | Negative: 2

Kirkus

Below average
on Mar 02 2017

Throughout, the writing is easy to digest, but the repetition is tiring, and even at 250 pages, the book feels too long. An intermittently useful book that could have been a long-form magazine feature.

Read Full Review of Down and Out in the New Econo... | See more reviews from Kirkus

Publishers Weekly

Above average
on Sep 12 2017

After a discussion of LinkedIn, for instance, it’s anyone’s guess whether Gershon thinks it’s a good resource or not. Still, she introduces concepts that, while perhaps not directly helpful, may still assist readers in thinking differently about jobs and what they mean for one’s future rather than just the present.

Read Full Review of Down and Out in the New Econo... | See more reviews from Publishers Weekly

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