FDR and the Creation of the U.N. by Townsend Hoopes

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In recent years the United Nations has become more active in - and more generally respected for - its peacekeeping efforts than at any other period in its 50-year history. During the same period, the United States has been engaged in a debate about the place of the UN in the conduct of its foreign policy. This book tells a story and also provides a historical perspective on the controversy. Historians Townsend Hoopes and Douglas Brinkley explain how the idea of the United Nations was conceived, debated and revised, first within the US government and then by negotiation with its major allies in World War II. The experience of the war generated increasing support for the new organization throughout American society and the UN Charter was finally endorsed by the community of nations in 1945. The story largely belongs to President Franklin Roosevelt, who was determined to form an organization that would break the cycle of ever more destructive wars (in contrast to the failed League of Nations), and who therefore assigned collective responsibility for keeping the peace to the five leading UN powers - the major wartime allies. Hoopes and Brinkley focus on Roosevelt but also present portraits of others who played significant roles in bringing the UN into being: these include Cordell Hull, Sumner Welles, Dean Acheson, Harry Hopkins, Wendell Willkie, Thomas Dewey, William Fulbright and Walter Lippmann. In an epilogue, the authors discuss the checkered history of the United Nations and considers its future prospects.

About Townsend Hoopes

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Douglas Brinkley was born in Atlanta, Georgia on December 14, 1960. He received a B.A. from Ohio State University in 1982 and a Ph.D. from Georgetown University in 1989. He was a professor at Tulane University, Princeton University, the U.S. Naval Academy, Hofstra University, and the University of New Orleans. In 2007, he became a professor at Rice University and the James Baker Institute for Public Policy. He is a commentator for CBS News and a contributing editor to the magazine Vanity Fair. His first book, Jean Monnet: The Path to European Unity, was published in 1992. His other works include Dean Acheson: The Cold War Years, The Unfinished Presidency: Jimmy Carter's Journey Beyond the White House, Wheels for the World: Henry Ford, His Company, and a Century of Progress, The Boys of Pointe du Hoc: Ronald Reagan, D-Day, and the U.S. Army 2nd Ranger Battalion, The Wilderness Warrior: Theodore Roosevelt and the Crusade for America, and Cronkite. He also wrote three books with historian Stephen E. Ambrose: The Rise to Globalism: American Foreign Policy Since 1938, Witness to History, and The Mississippi and the Making of a Nation: From the Louisiana Purchase to Today. He has won several awards including the Theodore and Franklin Roosevelt Naval History Prize for Driven Patriot and the Robert F. Kennedy Book Award for The Great Deluge: Hurricane Katrina, New Orleans, and the Mississippi Gulf Coast.
Published March 27, 1997 by Yale University Press. 304 pages
Genres: History, Political & Social Sciences, Law & Philosophy. Non-fiction

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In an epilogue, the authors consider the manner in which the UN became an arena for playing out Cold War tensions and, in the cases of the Korean War and the Gulf War (in both cases led by the US), a means by which the world coordinated a response to international aggression.

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Publishers Weekly

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Never does the adage ""The past is prologue"" seem more apt than while reading this account of the creation of the United Nations.

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Award-winning historians Hoopes and Brinkley draw upon historical narratives, primary documents, and a wide range of photographs to detail the story of the founding of the United Nations (U.N.), which was formally established at San Francisco in April 1945.

Aug 11 2001 | Read Full Review of FDR and the Creation of the U.N.

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