Governing the World by Mark Mazower
The History of an Idea

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...to conclude that the fledging discipline of international law "translated into the massacres, aerial bombings, and systematic detentions that characterized European imperialism" is to put the cart before the horse.
-WSJ online

Synopsis

The story of global cooperation between nations and peoples is a tale of dreamers goading us to find common cause in remedying humanity’s worst problems.  But international institutions have also provided a tool for the powers that be to advance their own interests and stamp their imprint on the world.  Mark Mazower’s Governing the World tells the epic story of that inevitable and irresolvable tension—the unstable and often surprising alchemy between ideas and power.

From the beginning, the willingness of national leaders to cooperate has been spurred by crisis: the book opens in 1815, amid the rubble of the Napoleonic Empire, as the Concert of Europe was assembled with an avowed mission to prevent any single power from dominating the continent and to stamp out revolutionary agitation before it could lead to war. But if the Concert was a response to Napoleon, internationalism was a response to the Concert, and as courts and monarchs disintegrated they were replaced by revolutionaries and bureaucrats.

19th century internationalists included bomb-throwing anarchists and the secret policemen who fought them, Marxist revolutionaries and respectable free marketeers. But they all embraced nationalism, the age’s most powerful transformative political creed, and assumed that nationalism and internationalism would go hand in hand. The wars of the twentieth century saw the birth of institutions that enshrined many of those ideals in durable structures of authority, most notably the League of Nations in World War I and the United Nations after World War II. 

Throughout this history, we see that international institutions are only as strong as the great powers of the moment allow them to be. The League was intended to prop up the British empire. With Washington taking over world leadership from Whitehall, the United Nations became a useful extension of American power.  But as Mazower shows us, from the late 1960s on, America lost control over the dialogue and the rise of the independent Third World saw a marked shift away from the United Nations and toward more pliable tools such as the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund.  From the 1990s to 2007, Governing the World centers on a new regime of global coordination built upon economic rule-making by central bankers and finance ministers, a regime in which the interests of citizens and workers are trumped by the iron logic of markets.

Now, the era of Western dominance of international life is fast coming to an end and a new multi-centered global balance of forces is emerging. We are living in a time of extreme confusion about the purpose and durability of our international institutions.  History is not prophecy, but Mark Mazower shows us why the current dialectic between ideals and power politics in the international arena is just another stage in an epic two-hundred-year story.
 

About Mark Mazower

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MARK MAZOWER is the Ira D. Wallach Professor of History at Columbia University. He is the author of Hitler's Greece: The Experience of Occupation, 1941-44, Dark Continent: Europe's Twentieth Century, The Balkans: A Short History (which won the Wolfson Prize for History), Salonica: City of Ghosts (which won both the Duff Cooper Prize and the Runciman Award), and Hitler's Empire: Nazi Rule in Occupied Europe. He has also taught at Birkbeck College, University of London, Sussex University and Princeton. He lives in New York.
 
Published September 13, 2012 by Penguin Books. 497 pages
Genres: History, Political & Social Sciences, Humor & Entertainment, Arts & Photography. Non-fiction
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Critic reviews for Governing the World
All: 3 | Positive: 1 | Negative: 2

Guardian

Good
Reviewed by Colin Kidd on Oct 19 2012

Mazower exposes the ways in which the great powers – not least the US, under cover of the United Nations – have exploited international organisations as a fig-leaf for the otherwise naked exercise of self-interest.

Read Full Review of Governing the World: The Hist... | See more reviews from Guardian

WSJ online

Below average
Reviewed by Yascha Mounk on Oct 07 2012

...to conclude that the fledging discipline of international law "translated into the massacres, aerial bombings, and systematic detentions that characterized European imperialism" is to put the cart before the horse.

Read Full Review of Governing the World: The Hist... | See more reviews from WSJ online

NY Journal of Books

Below average
Reviewed by Andrew Rosenbaum on Sep 13 2012

The author’s style is boring at best, truly grim at worst. The book is a slog. With a cast of characters ranging from Mazzini to Kissinger, there are very few citations and characterizations are crude.

Read Full Review of Governing the World: The Hist... | See more reviews from NY Journal of Books

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