Image Makers by Robert Jackall
Advertising, Public Relations, and the Ethos of Advocacy

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Synopsis

Talking dogs pitching ethnic food. Heart-tugging appeals for contributions. Recruitment calls for enlistment in the military. Tub-thumpers excoriating American society with over-the-top rhetoric. At every turn, Americans are exhorted to spend money, join organizations, rally to causes, or express outrage. Image Makers is a comprehensive analysis of modern advocacy-from commercials to public service ads to government propaganda-and its roots in advertising and public relations.

Robert Jackall and Janice M. Hirota explore the fashioning of the apparatus of advocacy through the stories of two organizations, the Committee on Public Information, which sold the Great War to the American public, and the Advertising Council, which since the Second World War has been the main coordinator of public service advertising. They then turn to the career of William Bernbach, the adman's adman, who reinvented advertising and grappled creatively with the profound skepticism of a propaganda-weary midcentury public. Jackall and Hirota argue that the tools-in-trade and habits of mind of "image makers" have now migrated into every corner of modern society. Advocacy is now a vocation for many, and American society abounds as well with "technicians in moral outrage," including street-smart impresarios, feminist preachers, and bombastic talk-radio hosts.

The apparatus and ethos of advocacy give rise to endlessly shifting patterns of conflicting representations and claims, and in their midst Image Makers offers a clear and spirited understanding of advocacy in contemporary society and the quandaries it generates.
 

About Robert Jackall

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Robert Jackall is the Class of 1956 Professor of Sociology and Social Thought at Williams College. His books include Moral Mazes: The World of Corporate Managers and Wild Cowboys: Urban Marauders & the Forces of Order. Janice M. Hirota is an anthropologist who has done extensive fieldwork in urban America. In addition to her research on ad makers, she has studied community activists, social service providers, and poor and homeless populations in New York and other U.S. cities.
 
Published July 20, 2000 by University Of Chicago Press. 341 pages
Genres: Business & Economics, History, Professional & Technical. Non-fiction

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besieged by symbols and images we find ourselves in today."" Mindful that advertising techniques are always connected to politics, they begin their study with Woodrow Wilson's establishment of the Committee on Public Information, a consortium of commercial advertisers brought together to promote ...

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