This is a definitive reference book detailing pertinent data in relation to the United States of America's confirmation and patenting of land grant claims, together with a compilation of legislation and litigation affecting each claim.
Spanish and Mexican law controlled all land titles and boundaries in California prior to statehood on September 9, 1850, when the first legislature adopted the common law of England, changing the entire system of land titles and boundaries in California. However, at the close of the Mexican War the United States entered into the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo with the Republic of Mexico. The treaty provided for confirmation of the land titles in the new states by the United States and Congress and in 1851 the Board of Land Commissioners was established. The Board heard 809 cases, confirmed 604 and rejected 190. Most were appealed to the District Courts and finally to the United States Supreme Court. Not only does the book list all pertinent data about each rancho claim name, patentee, county, original grantee, docket number, and moreit also includes case citations, Spanish royal ordinances, United States survey instructions, congressional documents both in text and list, department of interior decisions, and those that found their way to the State Supreme Court.
There is a glossary of 0ver 600 terms to help understand terms found in the grants, a table and explanation of the units of measures used in the grants, and a multipage bibliography The human side is not neglected, with the forgotten Jasper O'Farrell restored to his proper niche as a surveyor of 22 Mexican land grants between 1844 and 1846. Every California history library should have this reference work within reach. Every person interested in Spanish and Mexican land grants can save countless hours of research.
Contents: Preface Private Land Claims in California: United States Statutes at Large, Volume 9, Page 63 An act to ascertain and settle private land claims in California, March 3, 1851 Jasper O'FarrellSurveying in Alta California Islands as Private Land Claims Mare Island Rancho Santa Anita, Los Angeles County Records of Private Land Claims Rancho Claims Confirmed in California Mineral on Private Land Claims Claim for the New Almaden Mine, Andres Castillero, Claimant A Compilation of Spanish and Mexican Law in Relation to Mines and Titles to Real Estate in force in California, Texas, and New Mexico and Royal ordinances for the direction, regulation, and government of the miners of new Spain and of its Royal Tribunal General issued by the King of Spain in 1783 Of the original ownership of mines; of the grants to individuals, and duties to be paid by them for the same Of the manner of acquiring mines; of new discoveries: registers of veins, and denouncements of mines abandoned and lost Of the privileges of the mines Federal Cases United States Supreme Court Cases Federal Court Cases Congressional Documents pertaining to Private Land Claims in the House of Representatives and the Senate of the Congress of the United StatesReport of the Secretary of Interior communicating a copy of the instructions given to the commissioners appointed under the act to ascertain and settle private land claims in California,February 3, 1852 List of Congressional documents Decisions of the Department of Interior and General Land Office in Cases Relating to the Public Lands from July 1881 to June 1883 United States Government Land Office General Instructions from the United States Surveyor General for California to Deputy Surveyors engaged in the Survey of Land Claims that have been finally confirmed General Instructions from the U.S. Surveyor General for California to the Deputy Surveyors engaged in surveying the finally confirmed land claims in the State Instructions of the Commissioner of the General Land Office to the Surveyors General of the United States relative to the survey of the public lands and private land claims, May 3,1881 Reports of Cases Determined in the Supreme Court of the State of California California State Supreme Court Cases Nieto's Heirs v. Carpenter1856
Appendices: Las Marisposas Grant, The claim of John C. Fremont Table of Land Measures, Values applied to land grants Glossary of Terms Congressional Action Relating top Private Land Claims in California Bibliography and Reading List.
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