Martin Luther by Lyndal Roper
Renegade and Prophet

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This is a richly satisfying book, and offers some penetrating insights, but the focus on Luther’s inner life leaves us with an incomplete sense of how the man became a movement.
-NY Times

Synopsis

From “one of the best of the new [Martin Luther] biographers” (The New Yorker), a portrait of the complicated founding father of the Protestant Reformation, whose intellectual assault on Catholicism transformed Christianity and changed the course of world history.
 
“Magnificent.”—The Wall Street Journal
“Penetrating.”—The New York Times Book Review
“Smart, accessible, authoritative.”—Hilary Mantel

On October 31, 1517, so the story goes, a shy monk named Martin Luther nailed a piece of paper to the door of the Castle Church in the university town of Wittenberg. The ideas contained in these Ninety-five Theses, which boldly challenged the Catholic Church, spread like wildfire. Within two months, they were known all over Germany. So powerful were Martin Luther’s broadsides against papal authority that they polarized a continent and tore apart the very foundation of Western Christendom. Luther’s ideas inspired upheavals whose consequences we live with today.

But who was the man behind the Ninety-five Theses? Lyndal Roper’s magisterial new biography goes beyond Luther’s theology to investigate the inner life of the religious reformer who has been called “the last medieval man and the first modern one.” Here is a full-blooded portrait of a revolutionary thinker who was, at his core, deeply flawed and full of contradictions. Luther was a brilliant writer whose biblical translations had a lasting impact on the German language. Yet he was also a strident fundamentalist whose scathing rhetorical attacks threatened to alienate those he might persuade. He had a colorful, even impish personality, and when he left the monastery to get married (“to spite the Devil,” he explained), he wooed and wed an ex-nun. But he had an ugly side too. When German peasants rose up against the nobility, Luther urged the aristocracy to slaughter them. He was a ferocious anti-Semite and a virulent misogynist, even as he argued for liberated human sexuality within marriage.

A distinguished historian of early modern Europe, Lyndal Roper looks deep inside the heart of this singularly complex figure. The force of Luther’s personality, she argues, had enormous historical effects—both good and ill. By bringing us closer than ever to the man himself, she opens up a new vision of the Reformation and the world it created and draws a fully three-dimensional portrait of its founder.
 

About Lyndal Roper

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Lyndal Roper is professor of history at the University of Oxford and a fellow of Balliol College.
 
Published March 14, 2017 by Random House. 545 pages
Genres: Biographies & Memoirs, History, Religion & Spirituality, Travel, Literature & Fiction, Political & Social Sciences, War. Non-fiction
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Critic reviews for Martin Luther
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NY Times

Below average
Reviewed by Andrew Pettegree on Apr 14 2017

This is a richly satisfying book, and offers some penetrating insights, but the focus on Luther’s inner life leaves us with an incomplete sense of how the man became a movement.

Read Full Review of Martin Luther: Renegade and P... | See more reviews from NY Times

Guardian

Good
Reviewed by Ian Thomson on Jun 26 2016

Roper’s biography, distinguished by the excellence of its writing and research, is the beginning of wisdom in all things Reformation, anti-Roman and, alas, proto-Hitlerite. Rarely has a church reformer presented such a dubious side.

Read Full Review of Martin Luther: Renegade and P... | See more reviews from Guardian

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