Our Secret Constitution by George P. Fletcher
How Lincoln Redefined American Democracy

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Americans hate and distrust their government. At the same time, Americans love and trust their government. These contradictory attitudes are resolved by Fletcher's novel interpretation of constitutional history. He argues that we have two constitutions-still living side by side-one that caters to freedom and fear, the other that satisfied our needs for security and social justice. The first constitution came into force in 1789. It stresses freedom, voluntary association, and republican elitism. The second constitution begins with the Gettysburg Address and emphasizes equality, organic nationhood, and popular democracy. These radical differences between our two constitutions explain our ambivalence and self-contradictory attitudes toward government. With September 11 the second constitution-which Fletcher calls the Secret Constitution-has become ascendant. When America is under threat, the nation cultivates its solidarity. It overcomes its fear and looks to government for protection and the pursuit of social justice. Lincoln's messages of a strong government and a nation that must "long endure" have never been more relevant to American politics. "Fletcher's argument has intriguing implications beyond the sweeping subject of this profoundly thought-provoking book."-The Denver Post

About George P. Fletcher

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George P. Fletcher is the Cardozo Professor of Jurisprudence at Columbia University School of Law. His books include A Crime of Self-Defense: Bernhard Goetz and the Law on Trial and With Justice for Some: Victim's Rights in Criminal Trials. He lives in New York City.
Published January 16, 2003 by Oxford University Press, USA. 304 pages
Genres: History, Political & Social Sciences, War, Law & Philosophy, Professional & Technical. Non-fiction

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The dividing point between them is the Civil War, which called forth a new constitutional order that was devoted less to “voluntary association, individual freedom, and republican elitism” (as the Constitution of 1787 was) than to “organic nationhood, equality of all persons, and popular democrac...

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Mises Institute

They are strongly committed, vaguely, to some position on the spectrum [of equality] but they offer no reason why they are so intensely committed to this value .

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