What is the point of studying philosophy?
And what is philosophy, anyway? Isn't it just a bunch of crazy people who think that reality doesn't exist and we can't know for sure whether we are conscious? Moreover, since there are many competing philosophies out there, is there some way to actually determine the truth, or does one's life philosophy always end up being just a matter of opinion?
In this engaging, informative, and often lively book, Tom Blackstone seeks to answer these as well as many more important philosophical questions. Drawing upon its history from Ancient Greece to modern times and through an analysis of its central questions, Blackstone argues that philosophy can provide us with objective knowledge of the truth and is of vital importance to human life.
Philosophy: What It Is and Why We Need It Includes:
Philosophy and Religion: How human beings first created religion to make sense of the world around them. Why religion was so valuable in ancient times and yet by itself is no longer satisfying to modern humans. How Philosophy arose as an attempt to deal with this problem.
The History of Philosophy: The birth of Philosophy in Ancient Greece. Socrates, Plato, Aristotle. The Stoics and Epicureans. The spread of Philosophy throughout the ancient world. How Philosophy was nearly destroyed. The rebirth of Philosophy in the Middle Ages. Galileo, Descartes. Rationalism vs. Empiricism. Immanuel Kant. Contemporary philosophies.
Philosophy and Ethics: Why the study of Ethics is important. Divine Command Theory, Kantianism, Utilitarianism, Intuitionism, and Non-Cognitivism.
A Brief Introduction to Metaphysics and Epistemology: An introduction to the basic questions of Metaphysics (the branch of philosophy which studies the nature of reality) and Epistemology (the branch of philosophy which studies how knowledge is possible). The theories resulting from these questions. How modern theories of metaphysics and epistemology arose in response to the rise of science and its clash with religion.
A Thorough Summary and Analysis of The Works of Several Major Philosophers, Including:
Immanuel Kant's Critique of Pure Reason.
A. J. Ayer's Language, Truth, and Logic.
Wilfred Sellars' Empiricism and The Philosophy of Mind.
W. V. Quine's The Two Dogmas of Empiricism.
Richard Rorty's Philosophy and The Mirror of Nature.
Most importantly, in addition to this information about mainstream, academic philosophy, this philosophy introduction also includes...
Ayn Rand's Philosophy of Objectivism: How Objectivism arose as a response to the ideas of Immanuel Kant. Why Objectivism is a fast growing philosophical movement even though it is dismissed by most college professors. A thorough summary and analysis of Ayn Rand's The Objectivist Ethics and Introduction to Objectivist Epistemology. An explanation of the Objectivist view of Metaphysics. Why Objectivism is the most reasonable philosophy of life.
An excellent resource for understanding the subject of philosophy.
About Tom Blackstone
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Published April 26, 2012
by Benevolent Universe Publishing.
Religion & Spirituality, Law & Philosophy.