Planet Narnia by Michael Ward
The Seven Heavens in the Imagination of C. S. Lewis

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For over half a century, scholars have laboured to show that C. S. Lewis's famed but apparently disorganised Chronicles of Narnia have an underlying symbolic coherence, pointing to such possible unifying themes as the seven sacraments, the seven deadly sins, and the seven books of Spenser's Faerie Queene. None of these explanations has won general acceptance and the structure of Narnia's symbolism has remained a mystery.

Michael Ward has finally solved the enigma. In Planet Narnia he demonstrates that medieval cosmology, a subject which fascinated Lewis throughout his life, provides the imaginative key to the seven novels. Drawing on the whole range of Lewis's writings (including previously unpublished drafts of the Chronicles), Ward reveals how the Narnia stories were designed to express the characteristics of the seven medieval planets - - Jupiter, Mars, Sol, Luna, Mercury, Venus, and Saturn - - planets which Lewis described as "spiritual symbols of permanent value" and "especially worthwhile in our own generation". Using these seven symbols, Lewis secretly constructed the Chronicles so that in each book the plot-line, the ornamental details, and, most important, the portrayal of the Christ-figure of Aslan, all serve to communicate the governing planetary personality. The cosmological theme of each Chronicle is what Lewis called 'the kappa element in romance', the atmospheric essence of a story, everywhere present but nowhere explicit. The reader inhabits this atmosphere and thus imaginatively gains connaitre knowledge of the spiritual character which the tale was created to embody.

Planet Narnia is a ground-breaking study that will provoke a major revaluation not only of the Chronicles, but of Lewis's whole literary and theological outlook. Ward uncovers a much subtler writer and thinker than has previously been recognized, whose central interests were hiddenness, immanence, and knowledge by acquaintance.

About Michael Ward

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Michael Ward is a minister in the Church of England. He is the co-editor of Heresies and How to Avoid Them and of the forthcoming Cambridge Companion to C.S. Lewis. His website is
Published December 14, 2007 by Oxford University Press, USA. 388 pages
Genres: Religion & Spirituality, Young Adult, Literature & Fiction, Science Fiction & Fantasy. Non-fiction

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The Guardian

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For quite some time now, appreciation of CS Lewis's Narnia books has been bogged down by their Christianity.

Jun 18 2010 | Read Full Review of Planet Narnia:The Seven Heave...

Oxford University Press's Blog

The month of March, when the trees come back to life after winter, is named for Mars (the only month named after one of the seven planets), and it is worth noting that the only Narnian month ever named in the Chronicles is ‘Greenroof’, during which all the events of Prince Caspian take place.

May 07 2008 | Read Full Review of Planet Narnia:The Seven Heave...

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