Plutarch's Morals by Plutarch
Ethical Essays

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Plutarch (46-120 CE), also known as Plutarchos, his given name, and Lucuis Mestrius Plutarchus, his name once he became a Roman citizen, was something like a celebrity in Ancient Rome. Born in Boetia, a place thought to produce dim-witted men, Plutarch truly defied the regional superstition. He was a celebrated historian, essayist, and biographer, and mayor. He travelled all over the Mediterranean, but lived most of his life in Chaeronea. Just twenty miles from his home, he held the position of senior priest at the storied Oracle of Delphi, and translated the prophesies of Pythia. He wrote many biographies, as well as philosophical and moral essays that have hugely impacted English and French literature. His influence is seen in the works of Shakespeare, Emerson, and Montaigne, among so many others. Contained here in this edition are a collection of his essays on morality.

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PLUTARCH. c.46--c.125 Considered by many to be the most important Greek writer of the early Roman period, Plutarch was a member of a well-to-do Greek family, a chief magistrate, a priest at Delphi, and an exceptionally well-read individual. His philosophical views were based on those of Plato and, although a Greek, he esteemed the achievements and attributes of the Romans. By the time Plutarch's works were published for the first time in the eleventh century, some had already been lost. He wrote innumerable essays on philosophical, historical, political, religious, and literary subjects, 78 of which survive today and are known collectively as the "Moralia." He is known primarily, however, for his Parallel Lives of Greeks and Romans, which consists of 50 biographies---23 of prominent Greeks, 23 of Roman leaders, and 4 separate lives---accompanied at intervals by short comparative essays. Although historical information is included in the work, Plutarch wrote it originally to inspire emulation in youth, so the emphasis is on character, moral choice, and anecdote. Sir Thomas North's 1579 translation into English of Parallel Lives became an important source for William Shakespeare which he used for three plays, Julius Caesar, Antony and Cleopatra, and Coriolanus.
Published October 22, 2011 by 254 pages
Genres: History, Literature & Fiction, Law & Philosophy, Education & Reference, Travel. Non-fiction

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