Strings Attached by Ruth W. Grant
Untangling the Ethics of Incentives

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...the book doesn’t provide many specific criteria for how we should evaluate the ethics of educational and other incentives. What it does offer — in ample supply — are weighty questions about the growing use of such tools.
-NY Times

Synopsis

Incentives can be found everywhere--in schools, businesses, factories, and government--influencing people's choices about almost everything, from financial decisions and tobacco use to exercise and child rearing. So long as people have a choice, incentives seem innocuous. But Strings Attached demonstrates that when incentives are viewed as a kind of power rather than as a form of exchange, many ethical questions arise: How do incentives affect character and institutional culture? Can incentives be manipulative or exploitative, even if people are free to refuse them? What are the responsibilities of the powerful in using incentives? Ruth Grant shows that, like all other forms of power, incentives can be subject to abuse, and she identifies their legitimate and illegitimate uses.


Grant offers a history of the growth of incentives in early twentieth-century America, identifies standards for judging incentives, and examines incentives in four areas--plea bargaining, recruiting medical research subjects, International Monetary Fund loan conditions, and motivating students. In every case, the analysis of incentives in terms of power yields strikingly different and more complex judgments than an analysis that views incentives as trades, in which the desired behavior is freely exchanged for the incentives offered.


Challenging the role and function of incentives in a democracy, Strings Attached questions whether the penchant for constant incentivizing undermines active, autonomous citizenship. Readers of this book are sure to view the ethics of incentives in a new light.

 

About Ruth W. Grant

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Ruth W. Grant is professor of political science and philosophy and a senior fellow of the Kenan Institute for Ethics at Duke University. She is the author of "John Locke's Liberalism" and "Hypocrisy and Integrity".
 
Published November 7, 2011 by Princeton University Press. 221 pages
Genres: Business & Economics, Education & Reference, Law & Philosophy. Non-fiction
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NY Times

Below average
Reviewed by Nancy F. Koehn on Feb 04 2012

...the book doesn’t provide many specific criteria for how we should evaluate the ethics of educational and other incentives. What it does offer — in ample supply — are weighty questions about the growing use of such tools.

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