The Culture of Defeat by Wolfgang Schivelbusch
On National Trauma, Mourning, and Recovery

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Synopsis

A fascinating look at history's losers-the myths they create to cope with defeat and the steps they take never to be vanquished again

History may be written by the victors, Wolfgang Schivelbusch argues in his brilliant and provocative new book, but the losers often have the final word. Focusing on three seminal cases of modern warfare-the South after the Civil War, France in the wake of the Franco-Prussian War, and Germany following World War I-Schivelbusch reveals the complex psychological and cultural reactions of vanquished nations to the experience of military defeat.

Drawing on responses from every level of society, Schivelbusch shows how conquered societies question the foundations of their identities and strive to emulate the victors: the South to become a "better North," the French to militarize their schools on the Prussian model, the Germans to adopt all things American. He charts the losers' paradoxical equation of military failure with cultural superiority as they generate myths to glorify their pasts and explain their losses: the nostalgic "plantation legend" after the fall of the Confederacy; the cult of Joan of Arc in vanquished France; the fiction of the stab in the back by "foreign" elements in postwar Germany. From cathartic epidemics of "dance madness" to the revolutions that so often follow battlefield humiliation, Schivelbusch finds remarkable similarities across cultures.

Eloquently and vibrantly told, The Culture of Defeat is a tour de force that opens new territory for historical inquiry.

 

About Wolfgang Schivelbusch

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Wolfgang Schivelbusch, who has been called "a master of cultural history," is an independent scholar who divides his time between New York and Berlin. His books include The Railway Journey, Disenchanted Night, and Tastes of Paradise.
 
Published August 13, 2013 by Metropolitan Books. 421 pages
Genres: History, Political & Social Sciences, War. Non-fiction

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Well, yes, Schivelbusch writes: but the real loser in WWI was Europe, the real winner America.) Schivelbusch tends to an essayistic, even impressionistic approach to history, but his pages are dense with documentable facts that speak to the horrors of war: one of every five Southerners died in th...

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The Guardian

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The Culture of Defeat by Wolfgang Schivelbusch, trans Jefferson Chase 403pp, Granta, £25 Defeat is a concept that, with the related idea of decline, is almost too useful in comprehending human affairs.

Nov 29 2003 | Read Full Review of The Culture of Defeat: On Nat...

Publishers Weekly

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Schivelbusch (Disenchanted Night, etc.) addresses the question of how the American South after 1865, France after 1871 and Germany after 1918 came to terms with what happened to them.

Feb 24 2003 | Read Full Review of The Culture of Defeat: On Nat...

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