The Myth of Pope Joan by Alain Boureau

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In the ninth century, a brilliant young woman named Joan disguised herself as a man so that she could follow her lover into the then-exclusively male world of scholarship. She proved so successful that she ascended the Catholic hierarchy in Rome and was eventually elected pope. Her pontificate lasted two years, until she became pregnant and died after giving birth during a public procession from the Vatican.

Or so the legend goes—a legend that was fabricated sometime in the thirteenth century, according to Alain Boureau, and which has persisted in one form or another down to the present day. In this fascinating saga of belief and rhetoric, politics and religion, Boureau investigates the historical and ecclesiastical circumstances under which the myth of Pope Joan was constructed and the different uses to which it was put over the centuries. He shows, for instance, how Catholic clerics justified the exclusion of women from the papacy and the priesthood by employing the myth in misogynist moral tales, only to find the popess they had created turned against them in anti-Catholic propaganda during the Reformation.

About Alain Boureau

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Alain Boureau is director of studies at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, and a director at the Centre de Recherches Historiques, Paris. He is the author of nine books, including The Lord's First Night: The Myth of the Droit de Cuissage, also published by the University of Chicago Press.
Published May 1, 2001 by University Of Chicago Press. 400 pages
Genres: History, Political & Social Sciences, Religion & Spirituality, Travel, Literature & Fiction. Non-fiction

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Fact or fiction: in the ninth century, a woman named Joan donned britches and entered the male preserve of Catholic scholarship;

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Project MUSE

Joan was initially and repeatedly popularized by Dominicans: Jean de Mailly, Etienne de Bourbon, Martinus Polonus, Jacopo da Voragine, Arnoldus of Liège, Bernard Gui, and Tolommeo da Lucca (among others).

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