Thomas Paine by Thomas Paine
Collected Writings : Common Sense / The Crisis / Rights of Man / The Age of Reason / Pamphlets, Articles, and Letters (Library of America)

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This is the first major new selection of Thomas Paine’s writings in 50 years and the most comprehensive edition available. Emphasizing his American career, it brings together the best-known works—Common Sense, The American Crisis, Rights of ManThe Age of Reason—with scores of letters, articles, and pamphlets, several previously uncollected. Paine’s writings played a central role in the struggle for American independence and in the democratic revolution that swept the western world in the late 18th century. He gave new, modern meanings to words like “republic,” “democracy,” and “revolution” itself, while setting forth a vision of America as an asylum for freedom and democratic self-government. A profound believer in the ability of common people to reason and act in politics, Paine was the first major pamphleteer to address his writings to a mass audience. More than two centuries after they were written, his words are still remarkable for their vigor, clarity, and ability to inspire. 


About Thomas Paine

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Born to parents with Quaker leanings, Thomas Paine grew up amid modest circumstances in the rural environs of Thetford, England. As the recipient of what he termed "a good moral education and a tolerable stock of useful learning," little in Paine's early years seemed to suggest that he would one day rise to a stunning defense of American independence in such passionate and compelling works as Common Sense (1776) and The American Crisis essays (1776-83). Paine's early years were characterized by a constant struggle to remain financially solvent while pursuing a number of nonintellectual activities. Nevertheless, the young Paine read such Enlightenment theorists as Isaac Newton and John Locke and remained dedicated to the idea that education was a lifelong commitment. From 1753 to 1759, Paine worked alternately as a sailor, a staymaker, and a customs officer. Between 1759 and 1772, he married twice. His first wife died within a year of their marriage, and Paine separated amicably from his second wife after a shop they operated together went bankrupt. While these circumstances seemed gloomy, Paine fortuitously made the acquaintance of Benjamin Franklin in London in 1773. Impressed by Paine's self-education, Franklin encouraged the young man to venture to America where he might prosper. Arriving in Philadelphia in 1774, Paine quickly found himself energized by the volatile nature of Revolutionary politics. Working as an editor of Pennsylvania Magazine, Paine found a forum for his passionate radical views. In the years that followed, Paine became increasingly committed to American independence, and to his conviction that the elitist and corrupt government that had ruled over him in England had little business extending its corrosive colonial power to the States. Moved by these beliefs, Paine published Common Sense (1776), a test that proved invaluable in unifying American sentiment against British rule. Later, after joining the fray as a soldier, Paine penned the familiar lines in "The American Crisis": "These are the times that try men's souls." Fifteen years later, Paine wrote his other famous work, Rights of Man (1791). Drawing on his eclectic experiences as a laborer, an international radical politician, and a revolutionary soldier, Paine asserted his Lockeian belief that since God created humans in "one degree only," then rights should be equal for every individual.
Published September 21, 2012 by The Library of America. 902 pages
Genres: History, Literature & Fiction, Political & Social Sciences. Non-fiction

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Los Angeles Times

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Although Paine held no high office and won no decisive battles, he deserves to be called a hero of the American Revolution and a founder of American democracy no less than George Washington, for whom Paine served as a "hired pen," or Benjamin Franklin, who claimed Paine as his "political adopted ...

Jan 11 1995 | Read Full Review of Thomas Paine : Collected Writ...

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