To Tell the Truth Freely by Mia Bay
The Life of Ida B. Wells

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Born to slaves in 1862, Ida B. Wells became a fearless antilynching crusader, women’s rights advocate, and journalist. Wells’s refusal to accept any compromise on racial inequality caused her to be labeled a “dangerous radical” in her day but made her a model for later civil rights activists as well as a powerful witness to the troubled racial politics of her era. In the richly illustrated To Tell the Truth Freely, the historian Mia Bay vividly captures Wells’s legacy and life, from her childhood in Mississippi to her early career in late nineteenth-century Memphis and her later life in Progressive-era Chicago. Wells’s fight for racial and gender justice began in 1883, when she was a young schoolteacher who traveled to her rural schoolhouse by rail. Forcibly ejected from her seat on a train one day on account of her race, Wells immediately sued the railroad. Though she ultimately lost her case on appeal in the Supreme Court of Tennessee, the published account of her legal challenge to Jim Crow changed her life, propelling her into a career as an outspoken journalist and social activist. Also a fierce critic of the racial violence that marked her era, Wells went on to launch a crusade against lynching that took her across the United States and eventually to Britain. Though she helped found the NAACP in 1910 after resettling in Chicago, she would not remain a member for long. Always militant in her quest for racial justice, Wells rejected not only Booker T. Washington’s accommodationism but also the moderating influence of white reformers within the early NAACP. The life of Ida B. Wells and her enduring achievements are dramatically recovered in Mia Bay’s To Tell the Truth Freely.

About Mia Bay

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Mia Bay is an associate professor of history at Rutgers University and the associate director of Rutgers’s Center for Race and Ethnicity. She is also the author of The White Image in the Black Mind: African-American Ideas About White People, 1830–1925.
Published February 2, 2010 by Hill and Wang. 384 pages
Genres: Biographies & Memoirs, History. Non-fiction

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She took up the gauntlet against lynching as the expression of a racist ideology that defensively defined black men as “naturally lawless and predatory.” Lecturing publicly about sex and rape at a time when such subjects were taboo, Wells was frequently excoriated, though British audiences were m...

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In 1892, catalyzed by the lynching of three black businessmen, she devoted herself to “an anti-lynching campaign that would cost her the Memphis newspaper, threaten her life, and sever her ties to Memphis forever.” Bay relies heavily on Wells’s published writing, especially her posthumous autobio...

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Project MUSE

Bay presents a nuanced reading of the politics of racial uplift to argue convincingly that Wells "drew on forms of antebellum politics that survived the Civil War," most notably, the "tradition of noisy public protest" of abolitionists (10-11) that placed her at odds with early twentieth century ...

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