Triangle by David Von Drehle
The Fire That Changed America

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Triangle is a poignantly detailed account of the 1911 disaster that horrified the country and changed the course of twentieth-century politics and labor relations

On March 25, 1911, as workers were getting ready to leave for the day, a fire broke out in the Triangle shirtwaist factory in New York’s Greenwich Village. Within minutes it spread to consume the building’s upper three stories. Firemen who arrived at the scene were unable to rescue those trapped inside: their ladders simply weren’t tall enough. People on the street watched in horror as desperate workers jumped to their deaths. The final toll was 146 people—123 of them women. It was the worst workplace disaster in New York City history.

This harrowing yet compulsively readable book is both a chronicle of the Triangle shirtwaist fire and a vibrant portrait of an entire age. It follows the waves of Jewish and Italian immigration that inundated New York in the early years of the century, filling its slums and supplying its garment factories with cheap, mostly female labor. It portrays the Dickensian work conditions that led to a massive waist-worker’s strike in which an unlikely coalition of socialists, socialites, and suffragettes took on bosses, police, and magistrates. Von Drehle shows how popular revulsion at the Triangle catastrophe led to an unprecedented alliance between idealistic labor reformers and the supremely pragmatic politicians of the Tammany machine.

David Von Drehle orchestrates these events into a drama rich in suspense and filled with memorable characters: the tight-fisted “shirtwaist kings” Max Blanck and Isaac Harris; Charles F. Murphy, the shrewd kingmaker of Tammany Hall; blue-blooded activists like Anne Morgan, daughter of J. P. Morgan; and reformers Frances Perkins and Al Smith. Most powerfully, he puts a human face on the men and women who died on March 25. Triangle is an immensely moving account of the hardships of New York City life in the early part of the twentieth century, and how this event transformed politics and gave rise to urban liberalism.

About David Von Drehle

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David von Drehle is a journalist for The Washington Post. His previous books include Among the Lowest of the Dead: Inside Death Row and (with the political staff of The Washington Post) Deadlock: The Inside Story of Americarsquo;s Closet Election.
Published August 16, 2004 by Grove Press. 352 pages
Genres: Business & Economics, History, Political & Social Sciences. Non-fiction

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The largest blouse-making operation in New York, the Triangle sweatshop employed 500 or more workers, mostly Jewish and Italian, who toiled on the upper floors just beyond the reach of fire department ladders.

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Book Reporter

The Triangle Shirtwaist Company burned for only a matter of minutes, but the embers of the fire that took hundreds of lives still smolder today.

Jan 23 2011 | Read Full Review of Triangle: The Fire That Chang...

Entertainment Weekly

Von Drehle paints a vivid portrait of early-20th-century Gotham, full of corrupt Tammany Hall bigwigs, passionate labor reformers, and factory owners whose callous disregard for safety by illegally blocking exits caused the fatalities.

Sep 05 2003 | Read Full Review of Triangle: The Fire That Chang...

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Jun 10 2010 | Read Full Review of Triangle: The Fire That Chang...

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The victims of the fire died by various means, some died when the building's inadequate fire escaped collapsed, others died of asphyxiation or where burned to death still trying to open the locked exit door, and many jumped from the windows of the ninth story and died of the injuries incurred whe...

Apr 18 2004 | Read Full Review of Triangle: The Fire That Chang...

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