White Savage by Fintan O'Toole
William Johnson and the Invention of America (Excelsior Editions)

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A provocative new biography of the man who forged America's alliance with the Iroquois

William Johnson was scarcely more than a boy when he left Ireland and his Gaelic, Catholic family to become a Protestant in the service of Britain's North American empire. In New York by 1738, Johnson moved to the frontiers along the Mohawk River, where he established himself as a fur trader and eventually became a landowner with vast estates; served as principal British intermediary with the Iroquois Confederacy; command British, colonial, and Iroquois forces that defeated the French in the battle of Lake George in 1755; and created the first groups of "rangers," who fought like Indians and led the way to the Patriots' victories in the Revolution.

As Fintan O'Toole's superbly researched, colorfully dramatic narrative makes clear, the key to Johnson's signal effectiveness was the style in which he lived as a "white savage." Johnson had two wives, one European, one Mohawk; became fluent in Mohawk; and pioneered the use of Indians as active partners in the making of a new America. O'Toole's masterful use of the extraordinary (often hilariously misspelled) documents written by Irish, Dutch, German, French, and Native American participants in Johnson's drama enlivens the account of this heroic figure's legendary career; it also suggests why Johnson's early multiculturalism unraveled, and why the contradictions of his enterprise created a historical dead end.

About Fintan O'Toole

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Fintan O'Toole, columnist and drama critic for the" Irish Times," is the author of seven books, including "A Traitor's Kiss "(FSG, 1998). His work frequently appears in a number of American magazines. He lives in Dublin, Ireland.
Published August 18, 2005 by Faber & Faber. 416 pages
Genres: Biographies & Memoirs, History, War. Non-fiction

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A displaced Irish Catholic dreams of home, but instead creates a Celtic homeland in the heart of Iroquois country.

May 20 2010 | Read Full Review of White Savage: William Johnson...

Publishers Weekly

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At the center of drama critic O'Toole's new book is an Irishman who migrated to New York in the 1730s. William Johnson began to trade with nearby Indians and quickly became knowledgeable ab

Jun 20 2005 | Read Full Review of White Savage: William Johnson...

The Independent

He is fascinated by the notion of Johnson seeking in America to recreate the lifestyle of a Gaelic monarch, with Iroquois (and African slaves) as his subjects in place of Irish peasants - even to the extent of hiring Irish minstrels to entertain his court.

Aug 19 2005 | Read Full Review of White Savage: William Johnson...

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