YAJURVEDA SAMHITA by Translated By: R.T.H. Griffith & Edited By: Ravi Prakash Arya
Sanskrit Text of the Yajur Veda with English Translation

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Language: Sanskrit Text of the Yajur Veda with English Translation
Pages: 570


INTRODUCTION

The Vedas are the foremost record of great advance made first ever by humanity since its awareness of the physical world around and the metaphysical element pervading it althrough.

The composition of Vedas could have been possible only after the humans had developed the language as the means of their commu- nication and defined it into the components of phonemes (vocalic and consonantal), and morphemes (i.e. root + suffix combinations). We have reference in the Vedas themselves that prior to the compositions of Vedic hymns, the intellectual defined the crude from of language into the possible combination of root + suffix. daivim vacamayajanta devastam visvarupam pasavo vadanti.

‘The scholars sacrificed for standardization of language, which was spoken earlier in many forms of dialects by the then illiterates in the society?

In fact yajna was taken by the Vedic Scholiasts to mean operation. This yajna/operation was carried out always to make improvement upon the earlier situation and so it was called as the noblest act.
yajno vai sresthatamam karma.

Thus when the operation Standardization of language’ was over operation ‘Composition of hymns’ was started. We have references to this type of operation from RV. 1.164.50; 10.90.16; AV. 7.5.1.; VS. 31.16; TS. 3.5.11 as follows
yajnen yajnamayajanta devastani
dharmani prathamanyasan/
te ha nakam mahimanah sacanta
yatra purve sadhyah santi devah//

The Scholars carried out the operation/yajna (chandas), i.e. composition of hymns by means of first operation i.e. by means of standardized language. The literary couplets composed during second operation/yajna became the first ever dharmas i.e. litera
 

About Translated By: R.T.H. Griffith & Edited By: Ravi Prakash Arya

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Published January 1, 2002 by Indica Books, Varanasi.
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